While architecture has never been an individual journey, the global pandemic has marked the end of our romance with hyper-individualism: an 18th-century idea of design genius whose superhuman creative abilities could draw and bring to existence a singular manifestation of architecture for the masses to admire. It marked the end of a capital-A architectural history, the orchestrated lineage of which promoted a singular narrative of the discipline, tone-deaf to the ambiguity, paradoxes and contradictions that architecture is unquestionably responsive to. It marked the end of stability, absolutism and our old toolkits for creating architecture. (Elena Manferdini, The Magic of Asking’What if?’, Radical Architectural Pedagogy, AD 04 Emerging Talents Training Architects vol 91 2021)
Master Studio, Ghent, semester 3 academic year 2021-22
Tutors: Mira Sanders + Riet Eeckhout
Understanding architecture as a commodity in a globalised consumerist society, we are confronted with the illusion of stability infiltrating the minds of people in this mediated world. Throughout history, architecture played a crucial role in mediating social structures and propagating political ideas. The architecture of our contemporary western cities cannot be understood in separation from an imperialist canon in ways that Baroque cities cannot be understood separate from an 18th century military establishment.
We can read the world around us through various forms of ‘hyper normalisations’; as culminating forces driving cultures into mass uncertainty, mediated spectacle and simulation; from Donald Trump to Brexit, to recourse wars carving a landscape of global conflict. https://vimeo.com/191817381 Hyper Normalisation, Adam Curtis, 2016, documentary.
To escape a simplified version of the world that we accept as normal, we will design the hybrid space by addressing the aesthetics of culminated complexity of the interstice. The hybrid is characterised by situational change and a layered complexity of elements brought together in the push and pull between content and expression, between form and matter, between thought and image. In this process of understanding a particular reality of architecture, we value the state of flux, the dynamic and the movement towards actualisation and instantiation.
Aesthetics of interstice
Aesthetics is not a merrily way of giving form to objects, it is indeed a way of making sense of the world through the idea of our outward appearance. We want to break singular vocabularies and simplified aesthetics which maintain the illusion of order and stability in a world where there is in fact none. We don’t aim for singularity nor for complexity; we want to lay bare that which we know is true.
In a world in which the overarching aim seems to be the maintenance of stability and acceptability (in politics but also as an aesthetic paradigm in the world of design and architecture) we want to interrupt this growing hunger for aesthetic clarity and designed neutrality.
We will work through various layered modes of representation, communication and collaboration and venture into this current volatile context, riddled with complexity and contradiction to fearlessly explore the unstable terrain of multiplicity and ambiguity.
Ways of working
In the first part of the semester, we take the utmost freedom to dive into a context reading, articulating and reworking of the spatial aspect exploration of chosen films, documentaries, images and verbal essays to demarcate interest, and to collide and edit the material of interest into a one-minute site. This one-minute site holds the expression and impetus of the student’s spatial intend to be drawn out in part two of the semester.
The second part of the semester revolves around the figure-ground architecture based on the one-minute site. This involves extensively drawing out and sectioning the one-minute site resulting in an architectural environment in the medium of choice.
Project Book — The intense process of the making of things, guiding the individual student step by step in de complexity and internal logic of spatial design and architectural thinking, is brought together in the project book. Included as well is a written reflection, contextualising the drawn project and the inherent idea production. In this Project Book students will articulate the particular ‘gesture of architecture’ through drawing present in the project.
We will collaborate with the Hybrids studio at MIARD, Piet Zwart Institute (Rotterdam), using the same point of departure but different working methods. During the semester we will organise student peer reviews between the Rotterdam and Ghent students to enable an exchange of ideas, ways of working and thinking. http://miard.pzwart.nl/
Drawing Architecture Studio
This Master studio is part of AOB Drawing Architecture (Arnaud Hendrickx, Riet Eeckhout and Mira Sanders) interested in the agency of drawing in the production of space and thoughts, affiliated with the research group Radical Materiality, Material Narratives, The Drawing and the Space.
Beyond the usual representational imperatives of architecture drawing, at the Drawing Architecture Studio we consider, discuss and use the architectural drawing as a site of emergence and imagination. Methodically, the Drawing Architecture studio strongly engages with the intertwined process of digital and analogue drawing, reading, making and building in the widest sense; with materials, media and techniques relevant to the investigation: knowing through the making.
The studio philosophy of Drawing Architecture is underpinned by an understanding of space as a relational environment, away from an object directed understanding of space-making and towards a perception of space as the relationship between elements: the architectural event. Central here is the understanding of the experiential immersive character of space and the manner in which we make these worlds present. Drawing on relational properties brings one closer to an understanding of spatial of the haptic space.
We use the situational as an example of a relational environment. Situational events, spatial encounters, the coming together of circumstances. Situational events take in space as they unfold over time.
Content of form
In this studio we strongly confide in and work with visual information, film and photography to extract knowledge and to explore an emphasis on the content of form while reading and using images and understanding visual information.
If only we had trusted our eyes, if we had just looked at the images instead of turning our back on them, remarking that they were mere fetishes, fetishizations, surfaces, the semblance of something that lay concealed behind them: essence, the law, the principle that held the key to the proper understanding of appearances. When we see dead bodies, we are confronted with the death of actual people and not some principle of death; when we come face to face with torture victims, we must investigate their torturers and not evil as such; when we see ruins, we must study the blasts or ravages of time that laid them low, not some transhistorical law of impermanence. (The Work of the Eye. Trusting Our Eyes. Karel schlögel, In Space We Read Time: On the History of Civilization and Geopolitics, p223.)
This studio forms part of the Drawing Architecture Master studio and can be taken in combination with Master Thesis studio Drawing Architecture, Aesthetics beyond representational imperatives
Lexicon, reference material and studio ingredients
A thing made by combining different elements; of mixed character; composed of different elements. A path of precision and focus: specificity and particularity. Away from singular definitions, away from the generic and categorical, Hybrids are composed of several things, they are a gathering of properties and elements.
Hybrids are in a state of flux, continually adjusting to and appropriating inevitable change. The term hybrid refers to something that is neither this, nor that; it escapes categorisation.
Relating to or dependent on a set of circumstances or state of affairs.
Relating to the location and surroundings of a place. for example“the situational aspect of homes”
There is no singular way to understand a situation. We use the situational sites to enable analogical thinking, we extract spatial information from situations, finding lateral routes towards understanding relational space.
A space between things or events; an intervening space
Intervening: extending or occurring between events, situated between things
HyperNormalisation is a 2016 BBC documentary by British filmmaker Adam Curtis. It argues that governments, financiers, and technological utopians have, since the 1970s, given up on the complex “real world” and built a simpler “fake world” run by corporations and kept stable by politicians.
The word hypernormalization was coined by Alexei Yurchak, a professor of anthropology who was born in Leningrad and later went to teach in the United States. He introduced the word in his book Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation (2006), which describes paradoxes of Soviet life during the 1970s and 1980s. He says that everyone in the Soviet Union knew the system was failing, but no one could imagine an alternative to the status quo, and politicians and citizens alike were resigned to maintaining the pretense of a functioning society. Over time, this delusion became a self-fulfilling prophecy and the fakeness was accepted by everyone as real, an effect that Yurchak termed hypernormalisation.
One minute edited film document that gathers together elements of interest.
Relating to the sense of touch, in particular relating to the perception and manipulation of objects using the senses of touch and proprioception. Tangible, palpable, tactile, real, substantial, corporeal
To be sensed, sensible, speaks to the senses.
The instantiation principle, the idea that in order for a property to exist, it must be had by some object or substance; the instance being a specific object rather than the idea of it
FILMS + TEXTS
Useless Instantiations //
FILM Fitzcarraldo, Werner Herzog (1982) https://vimeo.com/398013301
FILM Burden of Dreams, Les Blanc, https://vimeo.com/398013301
TEXT The conquest of the useless, Werner Herzog
Drowned Worlds //
TEXT The Planetary Garden, Gilles Clément
Duration Experiences //
FILM Sugar Water, Eric Baudelaire, https://ubu.com/film/baudelaire_sugar.html
TEXT Crime Scene: Dallas, Texas, November 22, 1963, 12:30 pm, Karl Schlögel
Glitched Interstices //
FILM – Current.Cam – Eli Joteva, Provides Ng, Alexey Yansitov, Artem Konevskikh (2019), http://current.cam/film //
TEXT In Defense of the Poor Image, Hito Steyerl
Folded Impulses //
FILM Inception, Christopher Nolan (2010) //
TEXT The Fold (Le Pli), Gilles Deleuze
Future Past Correspondences //
FILM Of Earth and Sky Of Earth and Sky, Alexander Geysman, Olesia Kovalenko, Anna-Luise Lorenz, and George Papamattheakis
TEXT Poetic Instant and Metaphysical Instant, Gaston Bachelard
FILM (project) Forensic Architecture Cloud Studies https://critical-zones.zkm.de/#!/detail:cloud-studies
TEXT Phenomenal Transparencies, Colin Rowe
Interference of Re-enactments //
FILM Harun Farocki, Videograms of a revolution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGdn_eABGyA,
TEXT On Media And Democratic Politics: Videograms Of A Revolution, Benjamin Young
FILM The Fly, David Cronenberg (1986) //
TEXT The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka
Occurring In-Betweens //
FILM Interstellar, Christopher Nolan //
TEXT In Free Fall, Hito Steyerl
Off the Zones //
FILM Stalker, Andreï Tarkovsky //
TEXT Of other Spaces, Michel Foucault
Pleasure Prospects //
FILM Emilja Skarnulyte, Pleasure Prospects https://vimeo.com/420934150,
TEXT Hot Places, Cold Places, Karl Schlögel
Parallell Achronies //
FILM Peggy Ahwesh, Kansas Atlas, https://vimeo.com/320898778,
States of Entanglement //
HyperNormalism, Adam Curtis, 2016, documentary https://vimeo.com/191817381