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TOD (Transit-Oriented Development)

Tutor(s)  Bruno Peeters 
Campus  Ghent /BXL 
Language  EN 


Rapidly growing urban populations and economic development in developing countries has led to increased travel demand, car usage, and untenable traffic congestion.  A quality public transport system is crucial to break this cycle.  The World Bank’s ‘Cities on the Move’ emphasizes the importance of integrated land-use and transport planning.  

The Master Project explores hands-on design-oriented solutions towards Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) to improve accessibility, catchment, and viability of (future) mass-transit infrastructure focusing on transit functionality and integrated master planning, creating a virtuous cycle of accessible destinations, land value creation and high-quality urban environments. 

Projects start from concrete case-studies with an emphasis on the importance and role of private sector participation and financing tools, adhering to key-principles of Seamless Connectivity & Accessibility, Compact & Mixed, High-quality, Density, Inclusiveness and Resilience. 

Projects may operate at different scale levels ranging from station design to TOD Master Plan, encompassing a wide variety of design and planning parameters including architectural design & engineering, sustainability, micro-climatic mitigation, affordable housing, (…). 

Projects can start from provided concrete case-studies or students may propose their own case-study – if sufficiently supported with GIS-based data. 


Participating students are expected to take part to the TOD elective in Semester 3, providing an extensive introduction to TOD planning and objectives. 

Expected output 

Individual project coherently presented to an external jury consistently supporting TOD objectives, translated into an effective and integrated transit-facilitator.  The final presentation includes a concise paper (max. 1,500 words) outlining overall approach and design process. 

Available case-studies 

NDA confirmed;  

  • 11 individual and or combined stations of the Manila North South Commuter Railway (NSCR) and Metro Manila Subway Project (MMSP) – Philippines Department of Transportation – Japan International Cooperation Agency, Asian Development Bank, and Greater Capital Railway Consortium-Oriental Consult Global  
  • Red Line Metro Extension – Al Khor City Station Area – Qatar Ministry of Municipality, Ministry of Transport and Oriental Consult Global 

NDAs to be confirmed; 

  • 7 stations Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh Urban Railway System Development – Ministry of Transport, World Bank and Oriental Consult Global 
  • Maldives Island Clusters Transit Oriented & Urban Development and Resilience Project – Maldives Ministry of Construction and Infrastructure, International Development Association & World Bank and Oriental Consult Global 

NDA confirmed case-studies give access to an extensive GIS geodatabase, planning & technical reports, dwg or skp models, and other relevant materials. 

Study trip 

Students are encouraged to visit their chosen case-study area and will be supported to meet key stakeholders on location. 

Recommended reading 

The TOD elective will provide a comprehensive overview on TOD planning practice, following recommended reading materials may be consulted in advance; 

  • Cities On the Move – World Bank 
  • The Role of Rail in Decarbonizing Transport in Developing Countries – World Bank 
  • Transforming the Urban Space Through Transit-Oriented Development: The 3V Approach – World Bank 
  • Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the National Transport Policy (NTP) – National Economic and Development Authority 
  • A Guide to Comprehensive Land Use Plan Preparation Vol 3 – Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board